#4 Teamshare – Peer-to-Peer Streaming Peer Protocol

Hello,

In the seventh week I continued writing unit tests for my team configuration generator. The unit tests are now covering a large part of the functionality of the two generators.

At my mentor’s suggestion I started learning about the protocol that Teamshare is going to use for data transfers, Peer-to-Peer Streaming Peer Protocol (PPSPP). I will briefly introduce the protocol in the remainder of the post.

PPSPP is a protocol for disseminating the same content to a group of interested parties in a streaming fashion. The protocol supports both pre-recorded and live data transfer. In contrast to other peer-to-peer protocols, it has been designed to provide shorter time-till-playback, and to prevent disruption of the streams by malicious peers. In my opinion, the most interesting parts of PPSPP are the chunk addressing schemes and the content integrity protection.

Regarding the chunk addressing schemes, PPSPP uses start-end ranges and bin numbers. As the name suggests, the start-end range identifies chunks by the specification of the beginning and ending chunk. The bin numbers is a novel method of addressing chunks in which a binary interval of data is addressed by a single integer. This reduces the amount of data to be recorded by every peer.

For content integrity protection, PPSPP uses the Merkle Hash Tree scheme for static transfers, and an Unified Merkle Hash Tree scheme which adds a public key for verification. The content is identified by a single cryptographic hash, the root hash of a Merkle hash tree, calculated recursively from the content.In contrast with BitTorrent, which needs all the chunk hashes before it can start the download, PPSPP needs only a part of them, which leads to a limited overhead, especially for small sized chunks.

 

For more details, feel free to read the IETF draft at this webpage http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-ppsp-peer-protocol-07.

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